Terminals - Main Cargo Terminal
The major trading partners of the Port of Baku are Aktau, Turkmenbashy, Anzali and Amirabad. The main cargo terminal has six berths, with a total length of 866 meters, including a Ro-Ro berth with a water depth of 7 meters. The terminal can handle 3 vessels, up to 150 wagons and 100 trucks simultaneously. The berths are equipped with 16 portal cranes with lifting capacity of 1.5-10 tons and 100 roll trailers.™'The port also offers 24,000 m2 of open warehouse storage space, and 10,000 m2 inside sheltered warehouses.
The main cargo terminal primarily handles general and dry cargo. The trade at the terminal in 2009 and 2010 consisted mostly of imported cargo (82%), followed by transit (13%) and exports (5%). Cargo traffic almost tripled between 2009 and 2010, going from 290,000 to 833,000 tons (Figure 2.24)due to an increase in importsfrom 240,000 tons in 2009 up to 681,000 tons in 2010. The imports were dominated by construction materials - 80% (cement clinker) from two Iranian ports (Anzali and Amirabad); aluminum oxide, grain, and chemical products - 15% from Aktau and Turkmenbashy; and general construction equipment and machinery - 5% from Europe.xiv
Terminals - Ro-Ro Terminal
Terminals -Ferry Terminal
The ferry terminal at the Port of Baku is a key gateway in the Euro-Asian transportation network with dedication of 80% of its total trade to transit cargo, mainly from Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan. Although the terminal’s annual cargo traffic is 8 million tons, the actual volume of freight processed at the terminal is much smaller. In 2010, the terminal handled only 3 million tons of cargo, 82% of which were transit goods. Import and export volumes were at similar levels, each contributing 9% to the total cargo exchange. Most of the exports were destined for the Port of Turkmenbashy, with a smaller portion for the Port of Aktau. The transit cargo at the ferry terminal consists of aluminum oxide, petroleum products, various metals, cement, timber, construction materials and grain. The majority is being taken from East to West, coming from Aktau and Turkmenbashy to Europe via Georgia’s Black Sea ports. The cargo was transported by 9 CASPAR ferries, including 2 recently purchased (but still quite old) Makhachkala type vessels, which can take up to 52 wagons and 100 cars.
Terminals - Oil Terminal
The Dubendi Oil Terminal handles about 35% of the trade at the Port of Baku. It is the largest oil terminal on the Absheron Peninsula and can process up to 8 million tons of crude oil. The terminal has 2 piers, allowing the simultaneous unloading of four 5,000-13,000 DWT capacity tankers. Almost all of the cargo traffic consists of transit crude oil from Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan (97% in 2010). In 2010, the terminal processed 2 million tons of crude oil, including tons of Kazakh oil (37%) and 1.2 million tons ofTurkmen oil (60%).