Port of Baku is the oldest port in the Caspian Sea and has existed through many historical periods of Azerbaijani state building. For centuries, Port of Baku served as a link between East and West, alongside the ancient Silk Road, as well as North-South transport corridor that connects North Europe and Russia with Middle East and South Asia. Later this route was used by Russian, European, Indian, and other foreign traders.
1564 - Official references to Port of Baku date back to 1564, although maritime trade had been one of the city’s major activities in previous centuries. In 1564, by a decree of Safavid Emperor Shah Tahmasp I, Sheikh Zahid was appointed as the First Minister of Port of Baku.
1854 - On 17th September 1854, by a decree of Russian Emperor Nicholas I, Port of Baku was restructured into a military maritime port. From that time onwards, Port of Baku started to function not only as a trade port, but also as a military centre to protect the sea borders from outside influence.
1902 - Construction of the modern Port of Baku started in the mid-nineteenth century under the Russian Empire, and it was officially inaugurated as a self-governing port on 21st July 1902. It was among the world’s leading ports and the largest of the Russian Empire in terms of cargo and passenger traffic.
1923-1924 - In 1923 to 1924, trade through Port of Baku comprised 27.3% of the total for cargo in the whole of the Soviet Union. This made Port of Baku the leading port of the Soviet Union.
1963 - a new ferry terminal was commissioned, followed by the construction of a dedicated berth for passenger services.
1972 - a new passenger terminal building was also completed.
After gaining independence, the Republic of Azerbaijan established close economic relations with neighboring countries.
2014 – On 22nd of September 2014, President Ilham Aliyev attended the opening of a ferry terminal as part of the first stage of the construction of the New Port of Baku in Alat.
2015 - On 18th of March 2015, the Port of Baku was restructured by a decree of President Ilham Aliyev and became a close joint stock company (CJSC).
2018 – On 9th of January 2018, President of the Republic of Azerbaijan Ilham Aliyev inaugurated new Ro-Ro terminal of the Port of Baku in Alat.
2018 – On 14th of May 2018, opening ceremony of the new Port of Baku in Alat was held.