We develop Port of Baku as a world class Green Port and logistics centre, using the latest innovative Environmental practices. These developments will include the following key areas: energy, waste management, water and air quality, as well as sustainable business practices. Green ports and logistics are areas in which activities can reduce the environmental and energy footprint of freight distribution, including material management (storage and packing), waste management and physical distribution. The benefits of the project will include greater operational and cost efficiency, environmental improvements (reductions in water and air pollutants such as greenhouse gases) for users of the port and will likely translate to increased demand for Port of Baku’s services.
The New Port at Alyat is designed to achieve the status of Green Port by employing various efficient technologies to reduce its carbon footprint, and will have a programme to reduce waste from port operations through material reuse, recycling and composting. It will be designed to allow the management, treatment and disposal of all wastes generated during the port’s operations. Appropriate waste treatment plants and equipment will be installed at the port site.
Green zones will be created to the north and west of the port, along the coastline and around the switchyard. These zones will enable soil enrichment and the moderationof the microclimate in the area resulting in a more positive impact on the surrounding semi-desert landscape. Rainwater drained from the roofs of buildings will be used to develop and water the aesthetic landscape.
In the long-term,a Green Port programme will be developed to achieve continuous environmental, social and economic benefits through resource conservation, waste reduction and pollution prevention. This will consist of the following components:
Component One: Green Planning and Strategy
This will contribute to the development of capacity to identify, prioritise and plan for the implementation of efficient green measures for the port and for other modes of freight transport through Azerbaijan. This component will have a comprehensive approach, covering the full range of underlying port and logistics activities, including shipping, trucking, railways, warehouses, refrigeration, packaging, cargo handling equipment, small harbour craft, employee vehicles, buildings and purchased electricity.
Component Two: Promoting Low-Carbon Activities
This will work with Port of Baku authorities to implement the Green Development and Logistics Strategy and a range of green investments in the port and logistics activities. It will also provide incentives for various users of the port to minimise carbon footprints from their operations.
Component Three: National Environment and Replication Policy
Lessons learnt from the project’s activities in Port of Baku will be incorporated and replicated elsewhere in the country. This component will also work with national authorities to prepare and facilitate their adoption and application in relevant national policies.