Port of Baku


Port of Baku is the oldest port in the Caspian Sea and has existed through many historical periods of Azerbaijani state building. For centuries, Port of Baku served as a link between East and West, alongside the ancient Silk Road, as well as North-South transport corridor that connects North Europe and Russia with Middle East and South Asia. Later this route was used by Russian, European, Indian, and other foreign traders.

Important milestones

1564 - Official references to Port of Baku date back to 1564, although maritime trade had been one of the city’s major activities in previous centuries. In 1564, by a decree of Safavid Emperor Shah Tahmasp I, Sheikh Zahid was appointed as the First Minister of Port of Baku.
1854 - On 17th September 1854, by a decree of Russian Emperor Nicholas I, Port of Baku was restructured into a military maritime port. From that time onwards, Port of Baku started to function not only as a trade port, but also as a military centre to protect the sea borders from outside influence.

1902 - Construction of the modern Port of Baku started in the mid-nineteenth century under the Russian Empire, and it was officially inaugurated as a self-governing port on 21st July 1902. It was among the world’s leading ports and the largest of the Russian Empire in terms of cargo and passenger traffic.

1923-1924 - In 1923 to 1924, trade through Port of Baku comprised 27.3% of the total for cargo in the whole of the Soviet Union. This made Port of Baku the leading port of the Soviet Union. 
1963 - a new ferry terminal was commissioned, followed by the construction of a dedicated berth for passenger services.

1972 - a new passenger terminal building was also completed. 
After gaining independence, the Republic of Azerbaijan established close economic relations with neighboring countries.

2014 – On 22nd of September 2014, President Ilham Aliyev attended the opening of a ferry terminal as part of the first stage of the construction of the New Port of Baku in Alat.

2015 - On 18th of March 2015, the Port of Baku was restructured by a decree of President Ilham Aliyev and became a close joint stock company (CJSC).

2018 – On 9th of January 2018, President of the Republic of Azerbaijan Ilham Aliyev inaugurated new Ro-Ro terminal of the Port of Baku in Alat.

2018 – On 14th of May 2018, opening ceremony of the new Port of Baku in Alat was held.


Green port

Port of Baku is not only targeting economic interests. We believe that when the economy and ecology work hand-in-hand, much greater work efficiency can be achieved. Aiming to become the most environmentally friendly port in the region, the Port will operate in...


Here you will find the history of the port since 1564...