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Before the 1800s: Ancient Maritime Trade

Before the 1800s: Ancient Maritime Trade

Although maritime trade has been one of the main activities in Baku since ancient times, according to reliable sources, the port in this city began to operate in the 1500s. In 1564, Sheikh Zahid was appointed the first minister of the Port of Baku by the decree of Shah Tahmasib I from the Safavid dynasty. In the late 1600s, Indian merchants traveled through the city of Ardabil, which is now considered the territory of Iran, to the main trading centers of the state, Shamakhi and Baku. About 200 Indians lived in the settlements around this city. This region attracted them with such valuables as silk, oil, salt, fish, horses and jewelry. Documents dating back to the mid-1600s indicate that a group of Indian traders arrived in the cities of Shamakhi and Baku with Russian goods such as animal fur, copper and caviar. From these cities, through Afghanistan, goods were delivered by caravan to India or to the Persian Gulf.

1800s: Military and Commercial Port

1800s: Military and Commercial Port

On 17 September 1854, by a decree of Nicholas I of Russia, the port of Baku was transformed into a naval port. Since then, the port functioned both as a trading point and as a military center providing maritime defense. Since 1858, ships of the Caspian Sea Fleet of the Russian Empire were stationed in the port. The depth of coastal waters, favorable weather conditions and nearby oil fields made the port an ideal location for a naval base. After the devastating earthquake in Shamakhi in 1859, Baku became the center of the province of the same name. The population of the Baku province increased rapidly. In 1861, the medieval coastal fortifications were demolished to make way for a larger harbor and customs house on the coast.

1900s: The World’s Leading Port

1900s: The World’s Leading Port

The construction of the port in the city of Baku began in the middle of the 19th century, during the reign of the Russian Empire; on 21 July 1902, it officially began to operate as an independent port. It was one of the leading ports in the world and the largest cargo and passenger port in the Russian Empire. According to the statistics of 1905, the Port of Baku was the largest port in the Russian Empire in terms of cargo transportation, through which six million tons of cargo were transported at that time. From 1923 to 1924, trade through the port accounted for 27.3% of the total volume of cargo transported throughout the Soviet Union. Baku became the leading port of the USSR on the Caspian Sea. In 1963, a new ferry terminal was put into operation, and then a bridge was built to serve passengers. These projects were completed in 1972 with the construction of a new passenger terminal building.

2014: Opening of the ferry terminal within the first phase of the Baku International Sea Trade Port Complex

2014: Opening of the ferry terminal within the first phase of the Baku International Sea Trade Port Complex

22 September 2014 - In frames of the initial stage of Baku International Sea Trade Port Complex, the opening ceremony of Ferry terminal took place. The President of the Republic of Azerbaijan H.E. Ilham Aliyev participated in the opening ceremony.

2018: Opening of Port of Baku

2018: Opening of Port of Baku

On 14 May 2018, the opening ceremony of the Port of Baku was held in the Alat settlement with the participation of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan H.E. Ilham Aliyev. The largest port of the Caspian Sea can handle up to 15 million tons of cargo per year, including 100,000 TEU containers. On 8-11 May 2018, at the initiative of the Port of Baku, for the first time on the Eurasian continent, the IAPH World Ports Conference 2018 was held in Azerbaijan. The main topic of the conference, which was attended by more than 400 delegates from 65 countries, was Ports of the Future: Creating Hubs, Speeding Up Communications.

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Our statistic

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Total cargoIn 2022, the volume of total cargo handled in the Port of Baku increased by 14% compared to 2021 reaching 6 million 313 thousand tons.

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Wheeled vehiclesThe number of wheeled vehicles transported in 2022 increased by 31% compared to 2021 reaching 51,514 units.

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WagonThe number of wagons transported in 2022 increased by 27% compared to 2021 reaching 38,692 units.

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ContainerThe number of containers handled in 2022 increased by 16% compared to 2021 reaching 52,276 TEU.

26 FEBRUARY / 2024 / 11:51

A group of the Port of Baku employees visited the Khojaly Memorial in connection with the Khojaly Genocide Memorial Day

24 FEBRUARY / 2024 / 16:20

The lessons for the first group of the “Roboport” coding course organized in the Port of Baku continue successfully

19 FEBRUARY / 2024 / 16:28

A group of employees of the Port of Baku visited the grave of the hero port employee Martyr Mirsafa Rzayev

12 FEBRUARY / 2024 / 10:23

The Swiss Ambassador visits the Port of Baku

Green Port

Port of Baku is the first port on the Caspian Sea with the status of a "green port”.

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Commission on Business Environment and International Ratings of the Republic of Azerbaijan